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The Mexican Revolution was a major armed movement that began in 1910 with a rebellion led by Francisco I. Madero against former autocrat General Porfirio Diaz. It was the first of the great revolutions of the twentieth century.
This revolution was characterized by a variety of socialist, liberal, anarchist, populist, and pro-agrarian movement leaders.
The agrarian elite predominated completely in Mexico, always determining who would be the ultimate ruler. In 1876 he took over Porfírio Dias, who ruled in a dictatorial manner. Even though there was little industrial development during the period in which he was in charge of the country, the agrarian elite remained in power, as the economic base continued to be the export of agricultural products and minerals.
Porfírio Diaz ruled Mexico for over thirty years. It maintained an appearance of democracy, as elections were held periodically, but they were manipulated so that he was always reelected. In 1910, in the elections, Diaz was again elected, but his opponent, Francisco Madero managed to rebel the population and took over, with the promise of carrying out the long-awaited land reform.
Francisco I. Madero
This promise, however, was not fulfilled, further aggravating the already poor living conditions of the peasants. Led then by Emilio Zapata and Pancho Villa, they began the fight against Madero, managing to get him out of power. Subsequently, they also overthrew their successor, General Huerta.