The story

Chronology of the Military Dictatorship (continued)

Chronology of the Military Dictatorship (continued)


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1966
The period from 1966 to 1973 is UNE's illegality.
March: A march in Belo Horizonte against the military regime is brutally repressed. Violence triggers student marches in other states.
28/07 to 02/08 Even in the illegality, the XXVIII UNE Congress is held in Belo Horizonte, which marks the opposition of the entity to the MEC-Usaid Agreement. The congress takes place in the basement of the Church of St. Francis of Assisi. The miner José Luís Moreira Guedes is elected president of UNE.
September: Classes at the National Faculty of Law are suspended and 178 students from São Paulo are arrested during a congress held by UNE-UEE in São Bernardo do Campo.
General Castelo Branco creates the University Movement for Economic and Social Development (Mudes).
Students from the National College of Dentistry go on protest strike and put up posters in the vicinity of the college. There is a clash between students and police from Dops.
18/09 UNE decrees general strike.
22/09 UNE elects the 22nd as the National Day to Fight the Dictatorship.
23/09 Police invade UFRJ Medical School and expel students with violence. The episode became known as the Red Beach Massacre.

1967
01/24 Promulgated the new Constitution of Brazil.
11/03 General Castelo Branco edits new National Security Law.
15/03 General Costa e Silva is sworn in as President of the Republic.
August: The XXIX UNE Congress is held, in Valinhos (SP), in hiding. Luís Travassos is elected president of the entity.

1968
28/03 Student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is killed during a conflict with the PM at the Calabouço restaurant in Rio de Janeiro (RJ).
March 29 March of 50 thousand people repudiates the murder of Edson Luis de Lima Souto.
29/03 UNE decides general strike of students.
03/30 The Minister of Justice, Gama e Silva, determines the repression of student marches.
01/04 Numerous student marches break out in several Brazilian capitals.
05/22 Law No. 5,439 establishes criminal liability for children under 18 involved in actions against national security.
6/6 Sixty-eight cities are declared national security areas, so their voters are barred from choosing their mayors by direct vote.
06/21 Arrest of three hundred people at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Classes are suspended.
06/25 The Minister of Justice, Gama e Silva, prohibits marches and lightning rallies.
06/26 One Hundred Thousand March in Rio de Janeiro.
16/07 Osasco strike (SP) begins with the occupation of Cobrasma.
08/29 Invasion of the Federal University of Minas Gerais campus by federal troops.
08/30 Invasion of the University of Brasilia campus by police troops results in violence.
10/02 Invasion of the building of the Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Sciences of the University of São Paulo (USP) by the Communist Hunt Command and other groups.
October: The XXX UNE Congress is held clandestinely, in Ibiúna (SP).
12/10 Student arrest in Ibiúna during UNE congress. More than 700 people are arrested, among them the main leaders of the student movement: Luís Travassos (president-elect), Vladimir Palmeira, Jose Dirceu, Franklin Martins and Jean Marc Von Der Weid.
13/12 Institutional Act No. 5 makes the discretionary powers conferred on the President of the Republic perennial. The National Congress is put in recess.
With the decree AI-5. Civic centers replace student guilds.

1969
Beginning: UNE tries to maintain a direction with the election of Jean Marc Von Der Weid through the Regional Congressinhos.
26/02 Decree-Law No. 477 provides for disciplinary offenses committed by teachers, students, staff or employees of educational establishments. That penalizes teachers, students and staff of public schools (until 1973, this decree would reach 263 people, mostly students).
05/16 Institutional Act No. 10, among other effects, would take hundreds of university professors to retirement.
01/07 Creation of Operation Bandeirantes (Oban), embryo of the political police known as the “Codi-Doi system” that would be implemented nationwide along the lines of Oban.
08/31 Military Board, formed by the military ministers, assumes the power due to the disease of Costa e Silva, preventing the inauguration of the vice president of the Republic, who had not agreed with the Institutional Act N.5.
September: UNE President Jean Marc Von Der Weid is arrested.
05/09 Institutional Act No. 14 establishes the death penalty.
30/10 Inauguration of General Emílio Garrastazu Médice as President of the Republic, as the definitive incapacitation of General Costa e Silva had been characterized.

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1970
Beginning: With almost all the leaders imprisoned or exiled, the student movement performs isolated acts, among them a mass for the second anniversary of the death of Edson Luís.
10/02 Establishment of prior censorship of books and magazines by Decree No. 1.077.
20/05 Start of CIE official operations.
05/20 Decree N.66.608 creates the Aeronautics Safety Information Center (Cisa).

1971
30/03 Decree N.68.447 reorganizes the Navy Information Center (Cenimar).
September: Honestino Guimarães, deputy Jean Marc Von Der Weid, becomes effective president of UNE, in micro congress.
Death of Carlos Lamarca
November: The government starts to issue “reserved decrees”.

1972
Beginning: The PA is renamed Marxist-Leninist Popular Action (APML).
UNE President Honestino Guimarães disappears.
March: National Information School opens
04/12 The Army begins fighting the guerrilla commanded by the PC do B in the Araguaia region.

1973
03/30 Alexandre Vannucchi Leme, a student at the University of São Paulo (USP), is arrested and killed by the military. The mass in his memory, held on March 30 at the Sé Cathedral in São Paulo, is the first major mass movement since 1968.
14/09 The Arena ratifies the name of General Ernesto Geisel as a candidate for presidency of the republic.
07/10 Start of another attempt by the Army to combat the Araguaia guerrillas.
December: Army defeats Araguaia guerrillas.

1974
Beginning: The Electoral College approves the name of General Ernesto Geisel for the presidency of the Republic.
The Committee of Defense of Political Prisoners is created at the University of São Paulo (USP).

1975
01/30 The Minister of Justice announces that the repression of communism and subversion continues.
26/10 Announced the death of Journalist Vladimir Herzog in dependencies of the Second Army (SP)

1976
1/17 Death of the worker Manuel Fiel Filho in pending of the II Army (SP). General Geisel dismisses General Ednardo Dávila Melo from the command of the Second Army due to the deaths of Vladimir Herzog and Manuel Fiel Filho.
19/08 Bombs explode at ABI and OAB.

1977
01/04 Decree of the National Congress for 14 days. During the period, gen. Geisel edits a series of measures known as the "April package."

1978
May: Strike of Sao Bernardo do Campo metallurgists
10/15 The Electoral College endorses the name of General João Figueiredo as president of the republic.

1979
01/01 Extinction of AI-5.
03/15 Possession of General João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo as President.
08/28 Amnesty decreed by the Figueiredo government.
29/11 End of bipartisanship

1980
08/27 Letter bomb explodes at OAB headquarters and kills secretary Lydia Monteiro. Since January several bombs exploded or were found in the country.

1981
30/04 DOI do I Army members accidentally blow a bomb they plan to use in an attack during a music show in Rio Centro (RJ)

1982
11/15 The opposition together wins a majority in the House of Representatives.

1983
IThere is a campaign for direct elections to the Presidency of the Republic.

1984
04/25 The constitutional amendment re-establishing direct elections for president is defeated in the National Congress.

1985
01/15 Tancredo Neves and José Sarney win at the Electoral College the dispute with Paulo Maluf for the Presidency of the Republic.
03/15 Vice President José Sarney's inauguration as President of the Republic due to Tancredo Neves disease.
04/21 Death of Tancredo Neves.

1988
10/10 A new Constitution of the Republic has been enacted defined by the National Congress, maintaining in Title V and Chapter I the State of Defense and the State of Siege, with restrictions on the rights of assembly, secrecy of correspondence and communication, in addition to maintaining the prohibition of unionization and strike to the military.

2005
07/04 Created by the Department of Sociology and Political Science of UFSC the Memorial of Human Rights.



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