The story

Epitacio Pessoa

Epitacio Pessoa

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Paraiban politician (1865-1942). President of the Republic between July 1919 and November 1922.

Epitácio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa (23/5 / 1865-13 / 2/1942) is born in Umbuzeiro and at the age of 7 loses his parents, victims of smallpox. Descendant of large rural owners from Pernambuco, is educated by the maternal uncle, Henrique Pereira de Lucena, then governor of Pernambuco. She studies at the Pernambuco Gymnasium boarding school, where she finishes the secondary course. He graduated as a lawyer at Recife Law School in 1887, and a month later is appointed public prosecutor in the city of Bom Jardim. In 1890 is elected constituent deputy. He becomes Minister of Justice in the Campos Sales administration in 1898 and Minister of the Supreme Court in 1902. As Minister of Justice, he promotes the Civil Code drafting project, entrusted to Clovis Beviláqua, in addition to coordinating the so-called "political Governors ", which regulates the approval of the mandates of deputies and senators. In 1919 arrives to the Presidency of the Republic. His government is marked by social and political crises that anticipate the end of the Old Republic. These include the workers' general strike in São Paulo in 1920 and the Copacabana Fort Revolt in 1922. After leaving office, he takes up the post of judge at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, The Netherlands (Netherlands). ), where it stays until 1930, the year of the revolution that ends the Old Republic. The trigger for the movement is the murder, in Paraíba, of his nephew João Pessoa, a candidate for vice-presidency on Getúlio Vargas' plate. Dies in Rio de Janeiro.