Cultural Aspects of the Southern Region

Cultural Aspects of the Southern Region

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The Southern Region of Brazil is composed of the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Santa Catarina. It has a great cultural plurality, strongly influenced by the culture of European immigrants.

The Southern Region presents cultural elements of the Indians (first occupants of the territory), Spanish and Portuguese (colonizers), and blacks (slaves). Subsequently, German, Italian, Azorean, Slavic, Japanese immigrants, among others, contributed to the cultural diversity of southern Brazil.

Parties and events

Farroupilha Week in Rio Grande do Sul is a festive event of Rio Grande do Sul culture, which is celebrated from September 14 to 20 with parades in honor of Farroupilha Revolution leaders.

The event recalls the beginning of the Farroupilha Revolution, Brazil's longest revolution. This festive week takes place events in parks, where gauchos celebrate with shows featuring their typical costumes, women in gift dress and men in bombacha, scarf, guaiaca, hat, among others.

Parade of the Week Farroupilha

Gauchos wear typical clothes and gather to celebrate Farroupilha Week

The feast of Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes, held in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, on February 2, is a tradition brought by the Portuguese. The feast consists of a procession by land and water, where the image of Our Lady of the Navigators is taken to the Sanctuary.

Feast of Our Lady of Navigators

Some cities in Rio Grande do Sul celebrate the traditions of ancestors in typical festivals, such as the Grape Festival, in Caxias do Sul (RS).

Parade - Grape Festival - Caxias do Sul - RS

The Gaucho Tradition Centers (CTGs) are non-profit civil societies that seek to disseminate the traditions and folklore of Gaucho culture, as codified and recorded by folklorists recognized by the movement. Its objective is the social integration of its participants, the traditionalists, the rescue and preservation of the customs of the gauchos through dance, barbecue and sports. There are many Gaucho Tradition Centers in Brazil, but mainly in the state of Rio Grande do Sul.

CTG 35 in Porto Alegre / RS, the first CTG of Rio Grande do Sul

In Santa Catarina, as in some cities of Rio Grande do Sul, the highlight party is Oktoberfest. Feast of Germanic traditions, originally celebrated in Munich, which takes place in October. In SC stands out the party of the city of Blumenau, and in RS in the cities of Santa Cruz do Sul and Santa Rosa. The Oktoberfest of Blumenau in Santa Catarina is considered the largest German festival in the Americas, featuring a beer festival with shows, parades, typical dances and varied cuisine.

Oktoberfest Parade Blumenau / SC

The Marejada is a party that took place in the city of Itajaí, in Santa Catarina. The party is marked by the presentation of seafood products through Portuguese cuisine, exhibitions and folklore. The name is related to the nickname that fishermen gave to the rising and falling tides.

Dance group presentation during Marejada party

The Gramado Film Festival takes place in the city of Gramado, in Rio Grande do Sul. This festival was created from the occurrence of a Film Festival. The first edition took place in 1973 and participates in encouraging Brazilian cinema. Award-winning actors and productions at the event receive the golden Kikito, a figurine meaning the god of good humor.

Lawn Film Festival

The popular festivals of Paraná have as their main characteristic a strong relationship with the various colonizing peoples of the state. Among the main parties are: the Cavalhadas, from Guarapuava; Congada, in the municipality of Lapa; Folia de Reis, in several cities of the north and northwest of Paraná; and the Spanish origin Fandango (also with Portuguese influences), by Paranaguá.

Fandango Dance Group from Paranaguá

Among the religious parties, Paraná presents the Feast of the Divine and Our Lady of Rocio, in honor of the patron saint of Paraná.

Feast of Our Lady of Rocio, Patron Saint of Paraná